what does evita mean in argentina
The combination of female suffrage and the organization of the Women's Peronist Party granted Juan Perón a large majority (63 percent) of the vote in the 1951 presidential elections. This moniker is graceful and fierce, but people will be singing “Don’t Cry For Me Argentina” for the rest of your daughter’s life. In 1995, Tomás Eloy Martínez published Santa Evita, a fictionalized work propounding many new stories about the escapades of the corpse. Due to the works and health services of the foundation, for the first time in history there was no inequality in Argentine health care. In your work, you would seek a position offering self-expression through contact with people, such as sales or teaching, or a position giving scope to your creative, artistic talents. Franco, therefore, was in desperate need of a political ally. Commenting on the international perception of Evita during her 1947 European tour, Fraser and Navarro write, "It was inevitable that Evita be viewed in a fascist context. After these two events, Eva had had enough and, concluding the two-month tour, returned to Argentina. But by the late 20th century, Fraser claims, the public had become engrossed in the cult of celebrity and public political life had become insignificant. ", Crassweller (1987:245). Evita What does the name Evita mean? In all of Latin America, only one other woman has aroused an emotion, devotion, and faith comparable to those awakened by the Virgin of Guadalupe. , When Eva was a year old, Duarte returned permanently to his legal family, leaving Juana Ibarguren and her children in abject poverty. Others sense your sincere interest and desire to help, and you can always be counted on to see the bright side of any problem. She became emaciated, weighing only 36 kg (79 lb; 5 st 9 lb) by June 1952. The works were painted by Argentine artist Alejandro Marmo.  (Perón's first wife, Aurelia Tizón, had died of cancer in 1938. Though Pope Pius XII did not give her a Papal decoration, she was allowed the time usually allotted to queens and was given a rosary. , In 1971, Evita's body was exhumed and flown to Spain, where Juan Perón maintained the corpse in his home. In many of her speeches, Evita argued that it was the country’s oligarchy that upheld antisemitic attitudes, but that Peronism did not.”, Juan Perón's opponents had from the start accused Perón of being a fascist. Eventually, they came to a compromise. Evita: Meaning of Evita . She promised France two shipments of wheat. Advisors then decided that Eva should visit many other European countries in addition to Spain, which would make it seem that Eva's sympathies were not specifically with Francoist Spain but with all of Europe. The foundation also gave scholarships, built homes, hospitals, and other charitable institutions. Eva then visited Rome, where the reception was not as warm as it had been in Spain. The 1947 cover story was also the first publication to mention that Eva had been born out of wedlock. In one of her last films, La cabalgata del circo (The Circus Cavalcade), Eva played a young country girl who rivaled an older woman, the movie's star, Libertad Lamarque. Only a few months after "the Renunciation", Evita secretly underwent a radical hysterectomy, performed by the American surgeon George T. Pack, On 4 June 1952, Evita rode with Juan Perón in a parade through Buenos Aires in celebration of his re-election as President of Argentina. There were different interpretations of the popular mourning of Eva Perón's death. The exchange between Evita and the crowd of two million became, for a time, a genuine and spontaneous dialogue, with the crowd chanting, "¡Evita, Vice-Presidente!" Evita is a musical, including score and music composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber and lyrics and book written by Tim Rice.It concentrates on the life of Argentine political leader Eva Perón, the second wife of Argentine President Juan Perón.The story follows Evita's early life, rise to power, charity work, and death. [page needed]. Underneath her oversized fur coat was a frame made of plaster and wire that allowed her to stand. Before the monument to Evita was completed, Juan Perón was overthrown in a military coup, the Revolución Libertadora, in 1955. "Not quite the Evita of Argentine legend". They paid no attention to the fact that Perón sought out the Jewish community in Argentina to assist in developing his policies and that one of his most important allies in organizing the industrial sector was José Ber Gelbard, a Jewish immigrant from Poland. Immediately after Perón's death, the government suspended all official activities for a couple of days and ordered all flags to be flown at half-staff for ten days. The tour had its genesis in an invitation that the Spanish leader had extended to Juan Perón; Eva decided that if Juan Perón would not accept Franco's invitation for a state visit to Spain, then she would. , By the late 20th century, Eva Perón had become the subject of numerous articles, books, stage plays, and musicals, ranging from the biography The Woman with the Whip to a 1981 TV movie titled Evita Perón starring Faye Dunaway in the title role. The claim is often made that her tomb is so secure that it could withstand a nuclear attack. The previous removal of Evita's body was avenged by the Montoneros when they in 1970 stole the corpse of Pedro Eugenio Aramburu, whom they had previously killed.  She was given a state funeral upon her death, a prerogative generally reserved for heads of state. General Commenti can't beleive there aren't more comments on this song! Beck, München 2015, Alan Michie, God Save The Queen, p. ___ (1952).  Fainting episodes continued through 1951 (including the evening after "Cabildo abierto"), with extreme weakness and severe vaginal bleeding.  On 9 October 1945 Juan Perón was arrested by his opponents within the government who feared that, due to the strong support of the descamisados, the workers and the poor of the nation, Perón's popularity might eclipse that of the sitting president. On Saturday, 9 August, the body was transferred to the Congress Building for an additional day of public viewing, and a memorial service attended by the entire Argentine legislative body. Find out what is the full meaning of EVITA on Abbreviations.com! Evita is a diminutive of Eva. Eva Perón has often been credited with gaining the right to vote for Argentine women. "As Evita's health continued to deteriorate that month, the city of Quilmes resolved to change its name to 'Eva Perón,' and Congress, after a special legislative session, devoted to eulogies of 'the most remarkable woman of any historical epoch', gave her the title Jefe Espiritual de la Nacion (Spiritual Leader of the Nation). Although it was reported that she had undergone an appendectomy, she was, in fact, diagnosed with advanced cervical cancer. It is true that (Juan) Perón facilitated the entrance of Nazi criminals to Argentina in 1947 and 1948, thereby hoping to acquire advanced technology developed by the Germans during the war. She also ran the Ministries of Labor and Health, founded and ran the charitable Eva Perón Foundation, championed women's suffrage in Argentina, and founded and ran the nation's first large-scale female political party, the Women's Peronist Party. During these meetings with the poor, Evita often kissed the poor and allowed them to kiss her. Don't Cry for Me, Argentina counsels the peons of the pampas to avoid shedding tears for Mrs Peron, as no tears are required. After a nearly 20-year production delay, Madonna was cast in the title role for the 1996 film version and won the Golden Globe Award for "Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy." In direct contrast, the 1930s were also years of great unemployment, poverty, and hunger in the capital, and many new arrivals from the interior were forced to live in tenements, boardinghouses and in outlying shanties that became known as villas miserias.. Although her diagnosis was withheld from her by Juan, she knew she was not well, and a bid for the vice-presidency was not practical. Random Evita Factoid: According to the 2004 U.S. Social Security Administration data, the first name Evita is not a popular baby girl's name in California. Opposition from the nation's military and bourgeoisie, coupled with her declining health, ultimately forced her to withdraw her candidacy. In retaliation, the periodical was banned from Argentina for several months. In 1942, Eva experienced some economic stability when a company called Candilejas (sponsored by a soap manufacturer) hired her for a daily role in one of their radio dramas called Muy Bien, which aired on Radio El Mundo (World Radio), the most important radio station in the country at that time. Flowers were flown in from all over the country, and as far away as Chile. Don't Cry for Me Argentina #3. Meaning of Eva Perón. Around 1955 the pamphleteer Silvano Santander employed the same strategy to concoct letters in which Evita figures as an accomplice of the Nazis. Eva also visited Switzerland during her European tour, a visit that has been viewed as the worst part of the trip. What does evita mean? After his release from prison, Juan Perón decided to campaign for the presidency of the nation, which he won in a landslide. The Music of the Night #4. She also met with Charles de Gaulle. By 1947, Franco had become politically isolated as one of the few remaining fascists to retain power.  In 1952, shortly before her death from cancer at 33, Eva Perón was given the title of "Spiritual Leader of the Nation" by the Argentine Congress. When she spoke, Eva Duarte spoke in ordinary language as a regular woman who wanted listeners to believe what she herself believed about Juan Perón.. She said her only ambition was that in the large chapter of history to be written about her husband, the footnotes would mention a woman who brought the "...hopes and dreams of the people to the president", a woman who eventually turned those hopes and dreams into "glorious reality". She became the first female president in the Western Hemisphere. Although this was not an unusual practice for wealthy Argentines, "there are many more convenient and less conspicuous ways of depositing money in Swiss accounts than meeting the Swiss Foreign Minister and being shown around a watch factory,"  and it was unlikely that a Swiss bank account existed. What does Evita mean? You are the most emotional person. From 1955 until 1971, the military dictatorship of Argentina issued a ban on Peronism. As Evita, you have a natural interest in the welfare of your fellow man, and a desire to help and serve others in a humanitarian way. ", As early as 1978, the musical was considered as the basis for a movie. . She met Colonel Juan Perón on 22 January 1944 during a charity event at the Luna Park Stadium to benefit the victims of an earthquake in San Juan, Argentina. In this article, Martínez writes that the accusations that Eva Perón was a fascist, a Nazi, and a thief had been made against her for decades. C.H. Last year it ranked 7,556th in the U.S. Social Security Administration list of most popular baby girl names. ", Nicholas Fraser writes that Evita is the perfect popular culture icon for our times because her career foreshadowed what, by the late 20th century, had become common. Crassweller writes that Juan Perón enacted the role of a caudillo addressing his people in the tradition of Argentine leaders Rosas and Yrigoyen. The family was stigmatized by the abandonment of the father and by the illegitimate status of the children under Argentine law, and was consequently somewhat isolated. Our research results for the name of Evita (Evita name meaning, Origin of Evita, Pronounced etc. ) What does Eva Perón mean? The next day, after a final Mass, the coffin was laid on a gun carriage pulled by CGT officials. Mrs. Juan Duarte did not want her husband's mistress and children at the funeral and, as she was the legitimate wife, her orders were respected.. Poet José María Castiñeira de Dios, a man from a wealthy background, reflected on the times he witnessed Evita meeting with the poor: "I had had a sort of literary perception of the people and the poor and she had given me a Christian one, thus allowing me to become a Christian in the profoundest sense....", Toward the end of her life, Evita was working as many as 20 to 22 hours per day in her foundation, often ignoring her husband's request that she cut back on her workload and take the weekends off. The museum, created by her great-niece Cristina Alvarez Rodriguez, houses many of Eva Perón's clothes, portraits, and artistic renderings of her life, and has become a popular tourist attraction. Juan Perón "eagerly and enthusiastically" attempted to recruit the Jewish community into his government and set up a branch of the Peronist party for Jewish members, known as the Organización Israelita Argentina (OIA). He devised a plan to have an "artistic festival" as a fundraiser, and invited radio and film actors to participate.  Eva also had a short-lived film career, but none of the films in which she appeared were hugely successful. Laurence Levine, the former president of the U.S.-Argentine Chamber of Commerce, writes that in contrast to Nazi ideology, the Peróns were not anti-Semitic. After becoming the first lady in 1946, Evita had her birth records altered to read that she had been born to married parents, and placed her birth date three years later, making herself younger. Evita is also a variant of the name Eve (English and French) in the Spanish language. In his essay titled "Latin America" published in The Oxford Illustrated History of Christianity, John McManners claims that the appeal and success of Eva Perón are related to Latin American mythology and concepts of divinity. You can be sad and happy at the same time and never ever recognise it. She bleached her naturally black hair to blonde, a look she maintained for the rest of her life. Eva's sisters maintain that Eva traveled to Buenos Aires with their mother. The meaning of the name “Evita” is different in several languages, countries and cultures and has more than one possibly same or different meanings available. Though it was unnecessary from a practical standpoint, Evita set aside many hours per day to meet with the poor who requested help from her foundation.  Law 13,010 established the equality of political rights between men and women and universal suffrage in Argentina. Eva Peron appears on the 100 peso note first issued in 2012 and scheduled for replacement sometime in 2018. And of course she aroused very different feelings in the people with whom she lived. Her detractors in Argentina had often accused Evita of turning public political life into show business. its my all time favourite song, its just so beautiful and the music and lyrics go together so well. Eva Perón: María Eva Duarte de Perón (7 May 1919 – 26 July 1952) was the second wife of Argentine President Juan Perón (1895–1974) and served as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952. At one point the Sociedad had been an enlightened institution, caring for orphans and homeless women, but those days had long since passed by the time of the first term of Juan Perón.  It soon became apparent that these measures fell short of reflecting popular grief. While Eva did make radio addresses in support of women's suffrage and also published articles in her Democracia newspaper asking male Peronists to support women's right to vote, ultimately the ability to grant to women the right to vote was beyond Eva's powers. English words for evita include avoid, prevent, avert, escape, help, evade, shun, stave off, shirk and flee. The tomatoes hit the Foreign Minister and splattered on Eva's dress. Evita was even witnessed placing her hands in the suppurated wounds of the sick and poor, touching the leprous, and kissing the syphilitic. It has been claimed that "Cabildo Abierto" was the largest public display of support in history for a female political figure..  Péron died at 8:25 p.m. on Saturday, 26 July 1952.  Ciudad Evita (Evita City), which was established by the Eva Perón Foundation in 1947, is located just outside Buenos Aires. Everything name meaning, origin, pronunciation, numerology, popularity and more information about Evita at WIKINAME.NET I Don't Know How to Love Him. prostitute, fascist, profligate—Eva Perón was much maligned, mostly unfairly", http://evita3.marianobayona.com/disticon.html, http://evita3.marianobayona.com/14jun06.html, "Condecorada com a Ordem Nacional do Mérito a Senhora Eva Peron", https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/58/29/ea/5829ea9a5dc9baad81efee618664b88e.jpg, https://www.europeana.eu/api/v2/thumbnail-by-url.json?size=w400&uri=http%3A%2F%2Fvideo.archivioluce.com%2Ffoto%2Fhigh%2FATTUALITA%2FGP56%2FA00173095.jpg&type=IMAGE, The Evolution of Eva Perón in the North American Consciousness, Buenos Aires: Home of Evita, Forever Young and Beautiful, BBC Radio 4 programme about Perón's embalmed body, The Evita Project - a social media page dedicated to Evita and the preservation of her legacy, Spiritual Leader of the Nation of Argentina, Expulsion of Montoneros from Plaza de Mayo, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eva_Perón&oldid=993084587, Recipients of the Order of the Liberator General San Martin, Recipients of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Dames Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2015, Articles needing additional references from October 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Juan Duarte (father) and Juana Ibarguen (mother), Guy, Donna. STARTS/ENDS WITH Ev-, -ta. The musical began as a concept album co-produced by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice in 1976, with Julie Covington in the title role. Francoist Spain had not recovered from the Spanish Civil War (the autarkic economy and the UN embargo meant that the country could not feed its people). Interview: Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner of Argentina", "Evita convenció a Franco para conmutar una pena de muerte", "13 Things You Might Not Know About Eva Perón", Famous Patients, Famous Operations, 2002 – Part 6: The Case of the Politician's Wife, "Evita 'given lobotomy while dying of cancer, "Prefrontal lobotomy on Evita was done for behavior/personality modification, not just for pain control", "The gruesome, untold story of Eva Peron's lobotomy", "Evita Or Madonna: Whom Will History Remember?" During Evita's time it was considered scandalous for a former entertainer to take part in public political life. Business was put to a halt as movies were stopped and patrons were asked to leave restaurants. The meaning of Evita is "life". Meaning Of Name, Analysis, Origin And Statistics, Meaning Of Name, Analysis, Origin and Statistics, List Of Celebrities With First Name Evita, How To Say Evita in American Sign Language. By 1951, it had become evident that her health was rapidly deteriorating. [page needed], She received great support from the working class, the unions, and the Peronist Women's Party. He wrote that the allegations were untrue: She was not a fascist—ignorant, perhaps, of what that ideology meant. Additionally, Eva Perón has been featured on Argentine coins, and a form of Argentine currency called "Evitas" was named in her honour. 1 0. more tracks from the album Best of Broadway #2. But he says that the Peronist regime was not fascist, and what passed for fascism under Perón never took hold in Latin America. What year had the most people named Evita born? Your email address will not be published. Eva and Juan were married discreetly in a civil ceremony in Junín on 18 October 1945 and in a church wedding on 9 December 1945 in La Plata. By 1943, Eva Duarte was earning five or six thousand pesos a month, making her one of the highest-paid radio actresses in the nation. Evita is a musical written by Andrew Lloyd Webber. Definition of evita in the Definitions.net dictionary. Though Eva's mother had a few plans for Eva, wanting to marry her off to one of the local bachelors, Eva herself dreamed of becoming a famous actress. ), Eva Duarte had no knowledge of or interest in politics prior to meeting Perón; therefore, she never argued with Perón or any of his inner circle, but merely absorbed what she heard. Taylor suggests that Evita's embalmed corpse is analogous to the incorruptibility of various Catholic saints, such as Bernadette Soubirous, and has powerful symbolism within the largely Catholic cultures of Latin America: To some extent her continuing importance and popularity may be attributed not only to her power as a woman but also to the power of the dead. They looked upon her as a ruthless woman. On 15 January 1944, an earthquake occurred in the town of San Juan, Argentina, killing ten thousand people. Biographer Julie M. Taylor, professor of anthropology at Rice University, has said that Evita was well aware of the pain of being born "illegitimate." The crowd outside of the presidential residence, where Evita died, grew dense, congesting the streets for ten blocks in each direction. Before abandoning Juana Ibarguren, Juan Duarte had been her sole means of support. In 1980, Patti LuPone won the Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical for her performance as the title character in the Broadway production. You are very uncommunicative. In 2011, two giant murals of Evita were unveiled on the building facades of the current Ministry of Social Development, located on 9 de Julio Avenue. You have a hard time expressing your feelings. "...even she could not have foreseen her sudden transformation, from Latin American politician and religiose national cult figure to late-twentieth-century popular culture folk heroine. The monument, which was to be a statue of a man representing the descamisados, was projected to be larger than the Statue of Liberty. Evita is used chiefly in the English and Spanish languages, and its origin is Hebrew. Not even the mass exodus of the Cuban raft people or the rapid decomposition and isolation of Fidel Castro's regime have eroded the triumphal myth of Che Guevara, which remains alive in the dreams of thousands of young people in Latin America, Africa and Europe. [page needed], Shortly after Evita's death Pedro Ara, who was well known for his embalming skill, was approached to embalm the body. The new authorities removed Evita's body from display, and its whereabouts were a mystery for 16 years. Health weakness would appear as skin conditions or ailments relative to the liver. The foundation also built entire communities, such as Evita City, which still exists today. , In May 1944, it was announced that broadcast performers must organize themselves into a union, and that this union would be the only one permitted to operate in Argentina. 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